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Indices of Deprivation 2015

The Indices of Deprivation 2015 were published by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) in September 2015.   

The Indices of Deprivation are prepared using the Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) geography which has the dual benefits of consistent size throughout England, and being stable over time so that changes in deprivation levels can be measured.

Download a brief guide to LSOAs (PDF).

There are 32,844 LSOAs in England (103 in Bedford Borough). Deprivation scores are calculated for each LSOA and they are then ranked from 1 (most deprived) to 32,844 (least deprived). 

The rankings are often reported as deciles of deprivation from 0-10% (most deprived), 10-20%, 20-30%.…..90-100% (least deprived).

It should be noted that:

1.    The Indices of Deprivation measure relative deprivation, not absolute.

2.    Not all residents of deprived areas are deprived, and not all deprived people live in deprived areas.

The Indices of Deprivation 2015 provide a national ranking of local deprivation levels using a series of 7 Domains (income, employment, education, health and disability, barriers to housing and services, crime, and the living environment) which are also weighted and combined to form the most commonly referenced measure of deprivation, the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD).

Particular attention is paid to those LSOAs which fall within the 0-10%, 10-20%, and 20-30% most deprived areas in England. 

Deprivation in Bedford Borough

Nationally, Bedford Borough is in the mid range on overall deprivation, ranking 148 out of 326 local authorities in England (where 1 is the most deprived) on the 2015 IMD (based on the measure of ‘rank of average score’). 

However, this average overall ranking masks areas of significant deprivation affecting many residents in Bedford and Kempston Towns. 

View a map showing location of the 25 LSOAs in the Borough (PDF) which fall within the 0-30% most deprived areas in England on the IMD. All 25 are in either Bedford or Kempston Towns.

There are five further pages in this section on the Indices of Deprivation 2015, covering:

  1. The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2015
  2. The Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI)
  3. The Income Deprivation Affecting Older People Index (IDAOPI)
  4. The 7 individual Domains of Deprivation
  5. Changes in Bedford Borough deprivation levels between 2010 and 2015

More data

Visit Open Data for deprivation data for any postcode in England.

Download the complete datasets for the Indices of Deprivation 2015, together with technical reports and guidance.

Further information

For further information, please contact: